Impact de l'accumulation des macrophages sur la réparation du tendon d'Achille

Authors: De la Durantaye, Mélissa
Advisor: Frenette, Jérôme
Abstract: Macrophages are present in large numbers during the various phases of tissue repair. However, their roles following tendon injury and during repair have never been investigated. Mice were injected with liposome-encapsulated clodronate to deplete circulating monocytes/macrophages or with PBS for placebo mice. Achilles tendons were then transversely sectioned and sutured. Macrophage accumulation and cell proliferation were lower in the tendons from clodronate-treated mice than in those from PBS-treated mice. Edema and dry mass of the Achilles tendons were higher in PBS-treated mice. No differences in absolute strength were observed, but Young's modulus and maximal stress were significantly greater for tendons from clodronate-treated mice than those from PBS-treated mice. Overall, our findings showed that macrophages promote cell proliferation and extracellular matrix accumulation but their presence leads to inferior ultimate tensile strength of the Achilles tendons.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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