Contraintes de germination et diagnostic moléculaire des champignons associés aux maladies chez Ricinodendron heudelotii au Cameroun

Authors: Djeugap Fovo, Joseph
Advisor: Bernier, LouisDostaler, Daniel
Abstract: The work described in this thesis was conducted in order to identify the fungal species that are associated with infected organs of Ricinodendron heudelotii (Baill.) Pierre ex Heckel in Cameroon in the perspective of agroforestry. Specifically, objectives were to: 1) identify the advantages and constraints of R. heudelotii for agroforestry in Cameroon and suggest some future research topics for this species; 2) identify germination constraints of R. heudelotii and provide solutions; 3) characterize morphocultural parameters of some suspected pathogenic fungi of R. heudelotii; 4) verify Koch’s postulates for these suspected pathogens; and 5) test the efficacy of four synthetic fungicides against foliar diseases of R. heudelotii seedlings in nurseries. Seed coat dormancy, duration of storage and diseases were the major factors that affected germination in R. heudelotii. Research in the public databases using the BLAST algorithm (Basic Local Alignment Search Tool) and cloned rDNA sequences of isolated fungi (350 isolates) showed that several fungi of phytopathological interest colonized infected organs of R. heudelotii in Cameroon. Culture medium and temperature affected the phenotypic characteristics (pigmentation of the mycelium, growth rate and conidia concentrations) of suspected pathogenic fungi of R. heudelotii, namely Pestalotiopsis microspora, Lasiodiplodia theobromae and three species of the taxon Fusarium oxysporum (F. oxysporum ZB049F, F. oxysporum ZB164T and F. oxysporum ZH121F). These five fungi were pathogenic on detached organs and seedlings of R. heudelotii under laboratory conditions; their aggressiveness on the host varied from one fungal species to another. Fungicides such as Plantomil 72WP (60% copper oxide and 12% metalaxyl) and Nordox 75WG (86% copper oxide) were effective against foliar diseases caused by P. microspora and L. theobromae. Given the great diversity of species in the taxon F. oxysporum and the phytopathological importance of F. solani, further and complete identification of individuals of those species based on molecular markers should be considered.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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