Synthesis and characterization of nanoporous materials: nanozeolites and metal-organic frameworks

Authors: Vuong Gia, Thanh
Advisor: Trong-on, Do
Abstract: In this thesis, two types of nanoporous materials: nanozeolites and metal-organic frameworks were studies. For nanozeolites, two novel methods e.g. single-phase and two-phases were reported for the synthesis of nanozeolites. In the single-phase synthesis method, a proper amount of zeolite gel solution was added to a toluene/n-butanol solution containing an organosilane. After 12 hours at 60oC, a single phase mixture was obtained. This mixture was then subjected to hydrothermal crystallization to produce uniform functionalized nanozeolites. In contrast, the two-phase synthesis method involved the introduction of an organic solvent containing organosilane to the aqueous zeolite gel solution, resulting in a two-phase mixture. Upon mixing and hydrothermal treatment of this mixture, organosilane-functionalized nanozeolites were obtained in the organic phase whereas, large zeolite crystals were found in the aqueous phase. In principle, both methods employed the use of organosilane to inhibit the crystal growth. The organic solvent acted as the medium for the dispersion of nanozeolites functionalized with organosilane from the aqueous phase, which led to the complete halt of the growth process. These two methods were demonstrated to be applicable to the synthesis of MFI and FAU nanozeolites such as silicalite-1 and NaY, and could be applied to the synthesis of other types of zeolites. Catalytic activity of the synthesized nanozeolites was evaluated by the cracking reaction of FCC feed. The result showed that FAU nanozeolites can be good catalysts for the cracking reaction. For the study of the metal-organic frameworks (MOF), a new rational approach was developed for the synthesis of mixed metal MIL-88B metal organic framework based on the use of neutral bimetallic cluster, such as Fe2Ni(µ3-O) cluster. Unlike the conventional negative charged single metal cluster, the use of neutral bimetallic cluster as a framework node avoids the need of compensating anion inside porous MIL-88B system; thus such a bimetallic MIL-88B becomes porous. The flexibility of the mixed metal MIL-88B can be controlled by terminal ligands with different steric hindrance. This allows us to reversibly customize the porosity of MIL-88B structure at three levels of specific surface area as well as the pore volume. Synthesis mechanism was also studied. It was found that the monometallic Fe3-MOF-235 is the precursors to the formation of MIL-88B. MOF-235 comes first then later transforms to Fe3-MIL-88B or acts as seeds for the formation of mixed Fe2Ni-MIL88B. FeCl4- anion is very important to the successful formation of MOF-235. An anion mediated mechanism of the formation of MOF-235 is suggested.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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