Effet d’une intervention visant à favoriser le maintien de la pratique de l’activité physique

Authors: Amireault, Steve
Advisor: Godin, Gaston
Abstract: The overall objective of this thesis was to test the efficacy of brief and inexpensive interventions to favour physical activity maintenance (PAM). The first part of this thesis deals with the conceptual definition of PAM and the validity of physical activity assessment. The results of a first study provided validity evidences for using fitness centre attendance electronic records to objectively assess the frequency of leisure-time physical activity among adults.The second part of this thesis is about the determinants of PAM. Two studies were conducted to identify demographic and psychosocial determinants of PAM among adults. The results revealed that the constructs of beliefs about capabilities and motivation and goals were associated with PAM. In addition, health status (real or perceived) was directly associated with PAM and was a moderator of beliefs about the consequences - PAM relationships. The last part of this thesis deals with the effectiveness of two behaviour change techniques to favour PAM: the question-behavior effect (QBE; interrogative intention questions) and implementation intentions (II; “if-then” plans to manage barriers. The results showed that there was no significant effect of these two interventions. However, there was a significant Self-Rated Health (SRH) × Conditions interaction (F(2,103) = 3.80; p = 0.03). Among individuals with lower SRH, PA behaviour of the control condition (1.88 days/week) was higher compared to the QBE and QBE+II conditions (1.35 and 1.44 days/week) (d [95%CI] = -0.78 [-1.28, -0.27]; p = 0.002). Asking adults to answer several intention questions regarding their maintenance of PA participation at a University fitness centre, with or without forming “if-then” plans to manage potential barriers, was not effective in optimising physical activity adherence or maintenance.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24369
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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