Mécanismes de contrôle de la prise alimentaire par le système de l'hormone de la mélano-concentration (MCH) : importance des récepteurs opioïdes

Authors: Lopez, Carlos Andres
Advisor: Richard, Denis
Abstract: The brain melanin-concentrating hormone (MCH) system plays an important role in the regulation of energy balance. The sites and mechanisms of the orexigenic action of the MCH are still uncertain. Knowing the function of the NAcSh in the regulation of reward and pleasure, we hypothesize that MCH agonism in the NAcSh increases the pleasure associated with food intake through the opioid neurons within NAcSh. The presence of MCH receptor (MCHR1) on dynorphin and enkephalin neurons of NAcSh supports this hypothesis. Two different experiments in Wistar male were conducted. Firstly, we measured the capacity of three different opioid antagonists injected in the lateral ventricle at doses of 10 nmol and 40 nmol (for κ and δ) or of 10 nmol and 50 nmol (for µ) to block the increase in food intake induced by MCH injection in the lateral ventricle. The rats pretreated with a microinjection of an opioid antagonist 90 min (for the κ and δ) or 22 h (for µ), received a MCH or vehicle injection. Food intake was monitored during one, two and three hours after MCH or vehicle injection. We found that the blockade of opioid receptors by selective antagonists decreased MCH-induced feeding. Secondly, we assessed the level of pleasure in response to sweet stimulus (one milliliter of a sucrose solution, intraoral) by quantifying facial mimics induced by the presence of sucrose in the mouth. The hedonic responses were monitored, 15 min after the injection of a MCH agonist in the lateral ventricle. The same taste reactivity test was repeated following the injection of MCH in the presence of κ, δ and  opioid antagonists. We found that the three opioid antagonists were capable of modifying the increased hedonic response induced by MCH by attenuating the positive hedonic properties of sucrose solution. Our results indicate that the orexigenic and hedonic effects of MCH are linked to three opioid receptors. MCH might activate a specific opioid receptor subtype (κ, µ) for exerting its effects on food intake. The interaction of the MCH and opioids systems could represent an important link in the modulation of the hedonic appetite control.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24367
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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