L'État et la promotion de la contrainte : publicité et mise en marché de la sécurité routière au Québec

Authors: Desîlets, Christian
Advisor: De Guise, JacquesLanglois, Simon
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to clarify the role of advertising in accident prevention strategies through the review of its usage and impacts in Quebec from 1978 to 2011. It uses a discursive analysis, qualitative and exploratory in nature, which proceeds from a mixed method, anchored at the intersection of sociology of public problems and of marketing communications. It compares what managers know about the role and impact of their communication to what they say about it and what they do. Results are filtered and interpreted through four approaches of this specific problem: a model of the deterrence approach, a model of the main effects of advertising, a review of empirical literature on the effectiveness of road safety advertisements and the dramaturgical analysis developed by Gusfield to study the social construction of the drunk driving problem. It appears that road safety is an issue that the Quebec government manages in a preventive manner by using various strategies of social control, but always with constraint as a key variable to the improvement of road safety record and the acceptance of constraint as moderator of the relationship, and potentially as mediator of all moderators. Advertising is especially powerful to raise awareness of a social problem and build familiarity (acceptance of suggested causes and solutions promoted). It is used as an agenda setting tool, to create an upset outrage and thus a public endorsement of government’s ever more drastic solutions. Promoting free and informed conversion to safe road behaviours (manifest function of advertising) is a programmed failure aimed to raise the unrealistic and deceptive expectations that give way to proportional intolerances and public acceptance of new constraints (latent function of advertising). By satisfying a demand it has discretely created, State obtains legitimacy for its new constraints, a necessary condition for their effective implementation and full deterrent effect.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24351
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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