Le Réalisme Merveilleux de Jacques Stephen Alexis : esthétique, éthique et pensée critique

Authors: Pierre, Schallum
Advisor: De Koninck, Thomas
Abstract: This thesis has three objectives: first, demonstrate that "Realisme Merveilleux" is an aesthetic and an neuroaesthetic closely linked to the emergence of a literary identity in America, and secondly, conceptualize an ethical thinking from the three novels of Jacques Stephen Alexis that are Compère Général Soleil, Les arbres musiciens and L'espace d'un cillement, and thirdly, locate Jacques Stephen Alexis's aesthetics in the tradition of critical thinking in Haiti. Through these three approaches, I propose a plural reading of "Realisme Merveilleux" too often reduced only to Socialist realism and Haitian indigenism. This thesis queries the status of concepts such as individuality and community, beauty and ugliness, rational and irrational, imaginary and real, memory and forgetting. It emphasizes on Jacques Stephen Alexis's aesthetic unity that "rooted in reality and the life "(Alexis). In light of the phenomenology of Michel Henry, Alexis's aesthetic definition is experience of the self or living reality. The self also raises the question of other. The self acquires its own character with novel, otherness or "merveilleux". Accordingly, this research demonstrates that ethics of self and the other is the foundation of "Realisme Merveilleux". Jacques Stephen Alexis's ethics is a critique of essentialism in thought, whether poetic, philosophical or anthropological. If this thesis seeks to provide a philosophical portrait of Jacques Stephen Alexis's thinking from a multidisciplinary perspective, it also shows the problems raised by its appearance under the ideological context of the time that order are nationalist, regionalist and internationalist.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24350
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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