Modélisation de problèmes thermoélectriques non linéaires dans un milieu fissuré par la méthode XFEM

Authors: Laouati, Atmane
Advisor: Baggag, AbdelkaderFafard, Mario
Abstract: The main objective of this thesis is the development of a numerical tool, using the XFEM approach, for the simulation of transient nonlinear thermoelectrical problems in fractured media in two dimensions, taking into account thermal and electrical exchanges between the crack’s lips. Numerical simulations of crack propagation are of great interest for many industrial sectors (aluminum production, aerospace, nuclear, etc.). In addition, this is a numerically complex problem. The classical finite element method has important constraints of mesh refinement at the crack tip, remeshing during crack propagation and field projections, which has the effect of increasing the computation time and degrading the accuracy. On the other hand, the eXtended Finite Element Method (XFEM), has received a growing success for the treatment of the problems containing cracks in the last fifteen years. It allows using a mesh that does not conform to the geometry of the crack; this is possible by the enrichment of the finite element approximation. In this thesis, we are interested in extending application field of the XFEM method to the nonlinear thermoelectrical problems with cracks. Indeed, the transient thermal problem is coupled to the electrical problem by the heat generation in the solid, and the heat generation at the crack’s lips due to the interface resistance. The heat and electrical exchanges between the crack’s lips are also considered, and depend, respectively, on the temperature and the voltage jump at the crack. Due to the heat generation in the solid and in crack’s lips (Joule effect), and the temperature dependence of the physical parameters of the material, the problem is nonlinear and fully coupled. The discretized nonlinear system by the XFEM method is solved using the Newton-Raphson algorithm. The robustness of the proposed technique is demonstrated through the simulation of different examples, and the results shows an excellent agreement with the analytical solution, or with the finite element solution using a refined mesh.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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