Les figures de la propagande : le temps, l'espace et le héros dans le documentaire historique produit à la télévision de la République soviétique socialiste moldave (1961-1989)

Authors: Raileanu, Victoria
Advisor: Létourneau, Jocelyn
Abstract: The work presented in this thesis investigates the contents of Soviet propaganda as it appeared in historical documentaries produced from 1960 through 1990 by the local television broadcaster of the Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic. From a base corpus containing 36 documentaries, it centers itself on three types of filmic representations with high ideological connotation: the figures of historic time, the metaphors of space and the soviet hero's image. It also considers the related representations that create the narrative and cinematic context of the three main categories of images in order to reveal the entire network of meanings of Soviet ideology. Our study falls in line with soviet studies research while also belonging to the theoretical field of the history of imagination and ideas. It addresses three problems. First, it reveals the scope and the political and ideological purpose of the representations conveyed by television propaganda. The research reflects the objectives and strategies of official propaganda in Moldova, a territory under sovietization. It unearths the official standards of representation, their variations due to political changes and makes an inventory of discursive means used in the development of the key symbols of Party propaganda. Second, the research shows the different degrees of involvement of filmmakers and historians in the construction of the codes of Soviet ideology. It identifies the relationships between Soviet power and intellectuals, reduced to the rank of ideologists and professional propagandists. The study finds an occasional tendency among cultural producers to escape the mandatory propagandist registry and express an unorthodox view. Finally, we survey the rooting of propagandist representations in the lasting structures of the imagination. The research draws its empirical data from Soviet print media, from archive documents related to the institutional inner workings of Moldovan television, and from a series of 16 interviews with filmmakers and administrative and ideological executives. It makes use of the long historical detour to show the evolution of archetypal structures across various systems of representation and their adaptation to changing cultural realities.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/24273
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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