Utilisation des macrocycles de phénylacétylène en tant qu’outils lors de la synthèse de nano-architectures
|Abstract:||Over the last ten years, the interest in the development of new strategies to prepare nanoarchitectures has continuously grown. Phenylacetylene macrocycles are useful building blocks for the preparation of nano-architectures, especially nanotubes, owing to their rigidity and semi-conducting properties. Nanotubes are important nano-objects for different applications. Our goal was to obtain rigid organic nanotubes linked only with covalent bonds with phenylacetylene macrocycles as the building blocks. Most of the organic nanotubes reported in the literature are obtained through supramolecular chemistry. These types of nanotubes are unstable and easy to destroy by changing the pH, the temperature or the solvent. The instability limits the use of supramolecular nanotubes in real devices. The use of a rigid macrocycle such as a phenylacetylene macrocycle as a building block would avoid any collapse of the nanotube on itself. Our work concerns three different strategies. The first relies on the polymerization of macrocycles by its center. We synthesized a rotaxane to prove that the axis passes through the center of the macrocycles. The second strategy relies on the synthesis of a polyrotaxane with phenylacetylene macrocycles. The identification of suitable functional groups that lead to a polyrotaxane with the help of supramolecular chemistry is discussed. The use of a rotaxane to obtain a pseudorotaxane was also studied. Finally, the third strategy relies on gelification of the macrocycles before their cross-linking. The gel allows a face-to-face stacking, which would facilitate formation of the organic nanotube by the cross-linking of the macrocycles by a topochemical reaction.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||19 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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