CO₂ capture using alkanolamine/room-temperature ionic liquid blends : absorption, regeneration, and corrosion aspects

Authors: Hasib-ur-Rahman, Muhammad
Advisor: Larachi, FaïcalSiaj, Mohamed
Abstract: Global warming, largely resulting from anthropogenic emissions of carbon dioxide, continues to remain a matter of great concern. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a viable solution to ensure a prevised fall in CO2 emissions from large point sources involving fossil fuel combustion. In this context, aqueous alkanolamine systems offer a promising near-term solution for CO2 capture from power generation facilities. However, these face several operational hitches such as equilibrium limitations, high regeneration energy requirement, solvent loss, and soaring corrosion occurrence. The main culprit in this respect is water and, accordingly, one feasible practice may be the replacement of aqueous phase with some stable solvent. Room-temperature ionic liquids (RTILs), with high thermal stability and practically no volatility, are emerging as promising aspirants. Moreover, owing to the tunable nature of ionic liquids, RTIL phase can be adapted in accordance with the process requirements. Replacing aqueous phase with RTIL in case of alkanolamine based processes provided a potential opportunity for efficient CO2 capture. The most striking aspect of these schemes was the crystallization of CO2-captured product (carbamate) inside the RTIL phase that not only helped evade equilibrium constraints but also rendered a worthy opportunity of product separation. Since there is little information available in the literature about the viability of amine-RTIL systems, the proposed research was aimed at better understanding CO2 separation proficiency of these fluids through a more systematic approach. Imidazolium RTILs ([Cnmim][Tf2N], [Cnmim][BF4], [Cnmim][Otf]) were chosen for this purpose. Two alkanolamines, 2-amino-2-methyl-1-propanol (AMP) and diethanolamine (DEA) were examined in detail to explore CO2 capture and regeneration capabilities of amine-RTIL systems. The results revealed the superiority of DEA-RTIL combination as this scheme could help significantly narrow the gap between absorption and regeneration temperatures thus promising a sparkling prospect of attenuating energy needs. Furthermore, ionic liquids were scrutinized in reference to their hydrophobic/hydrophilic nature to study the corrosion behaviour of carbon steel in amine-RTIL media. Though hydrophilic ionic liquids helped decrease corrosion occurrence up to 72%, hydrophobic RTIL appeared to be the most effective in this regard, virtually negating the corrosion phenomenon under CO2 rich environment. In case of immiscible blends like DEA-[hmim][Tf2N], continual agitation appeared to be a necessity to ensure a prolonged dispersion of amine in the RTIL phase and, thereby, to attain an optimal capture rate.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2013
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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