Motivation et expériences scolaires dans les nouvelles séquences mathématiques au secondaire

Authors: Lessard, Valérie
Advisor: Larose, Simon
Abstract: Oakes (1987) has conceptualized a theoretical model that highlights the determinants and outcomes of school tracking. The present thesis aimed to examine some assumptions of this model in the context of the recent implementation of a mathematic reform in the Québec high school system. Specifically, the first goal of the thesis was to explore how individual (eg. gender, past performance and motivation), social (eg. perception of parental and teachers support, family income) and organizational factors (eg. participation in special programs, school size) and affect mathematics track placement. Additionally, this thesis aimed to analyze the relationship between math tracking and student motivation as well as to explore the mediating and moderating effects of the classroom learning environment in this relationship. Data came from the Evaluation of the Reformed Secondary school Quebec Education Program project (ERES), funded by the Ministère de l’Éducation, du Loisir et du Sport (MELS) and directed by professors Simon Larose and Stéphane Duchesne from Laval University. 732 students (41.3% boys and 58.7% girls) from 317 high schools in Quebec and their parents answered questionnaires before and after the students’ track placement. First, results from logistic regression analyses showed that higher past performance in math, participation in an enrich program, attending a private school, higher levels of parental education and higher perceptions of parental support when choosing a track increase the chances for students to be placed in an advanced track rather than a basic one. Moreover, the results of structural equation modeling indicated that although placement in an advanced track is linked to a decrease of students’ perceived competence; it is positively related to classroom discipline, which in turn is positively related to perceived competence (mediating effect). In addition, teaching strategies that were focused v on discussion and investigation increased students’ motivation, especially for those placed in a basic track (moderating effect).
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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