Développement de biopiles pour la valorisation énergétique du lisier de porc

Authors: Martin, Daniel Yves
Advisor: Garnier, AlainKaliaguine, S.Thériault, Roger
Abstract: Microbial fuel cell (MFC) is a new green technology that converts energy available in a bio-convertible substrate directly into electricity while decreasing its chemical oxygen demand (COD). As MFC seemed to be very promising, this Ph.D. project was devoted to investigate, at laboratory scale, how this technology could perform if swine liquid manure was used as fuel. A first generation, single chamber MFC (SCMFC), has been designed. Various support media were brought into SCMFCs anodic chamber to increase surface area on which bacteria may grow. Through this project, best electrical results were achieved using activated coal pellets as bacterium support medium. Bacterial communities extracted from selected support media were analyzed. These analyzes revealed that only few bacterium genera coming from raw liquid manure are responsible for electrical activities and Desulfuromonas genera was particularly involved in the process. With these bacteria, an internal sulphur cycle is involved to explain electron transfer mechanisms. While platinum based electrode was used as cathode in SCMFC, electrode poisoning yielded only weak power outputs. To overcome this problem, dual-chamber MFCs (DCMFC) were designed. Economical concerns for future commercial DCMFCs led to development of cathodes built around stainless steel wire meshes electro-plated with platinum. In addition, to increase DCMFC potential, hydrogen peroxide solution was retained as oxidizing medium in cathodic chamber. In continuous operation, 63 W•m-3 power output was provided with these 350 mL capacity DCMFCs, which appears to be among best results presented so far in literature with waste water as fuel. Tests carried out with these DCMFCs showed COD reduction of 60 %. Moreover, treated liquid manure odour emissions are, on average, 8 times weaker than those released by raw liquid manure. Finally, it was noted that treated liquid manure contained 10 times less pathogenic bacteria than raw liquid manure.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2011
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/23888
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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