Amélioration du calcul de dose TG-43 en curiethérapie à bas débit par un algorithme de dose primaire et diffusée sur processeur graphique

Authors: Bourque, Alexandre
Advisor: Beaulieu, LucDesprés, Philippe
Abstract: Brachytherapy dose calculations have been relying since 1995 on a formalism that considers the whole geometry as a homogeneous water tank. This gives the opportunity to compute dose distributions within a reasonable clinical timeframe, but with considerable approximations that can influence or even change the treatment. This work presents an upgraded version of this formalism derived from the TG-43 protocol (AAPM), currently used in actual treatment planning systems. The new algorithm includes a primary and scatter dose separation using ray-tracing operation to account for heterogeneities through the medium. These modifications to the dose calculation are very power consuming and too long for the clinical needs when executed on modern CPUs. With the GPGPU technology, a GPU-driven algorithm allows a complex handling of the anatomic heterogeneities in the dose calculation and keeps execution times below 0.5 s/seed. The algorithm was named TG-43-RT for TG-43 with Ray-Tracing and accelerations factors of three order of magnitude were obtained over a regular CPU implementation. The TG-43-RT algorithm adequatly corrects dose deposition along heterogeneities and it reduces interseed attenuation effects. Dose is scored in the medium instead of water, which also applies a severe correction for high heterogeneous medium like the breast. Deviations of more than 80% in dose deposition were obtained over calcification inside the prostate when compared to Monte Carlo simulations. This kind of deviation influences DVH shape. However, the TG-43-RT was keeping those deviations within the 8.7% uncertainty range (2σ) associated with a regular TG-43 evaluation as stated in the TG-138. Monte Carlo simulations were used as a gold standard to get an absolute dose calculation reference. The algorithm was also tested in a prostate phantom with 125I seeds and in a breast phantom with 103Pd seeds to mimic real anatomic geometries and unify the applied corrections.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/23886
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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