Une méthode de machine à état liquide pour la classification de séries temporelles : A new liquid state machine method for temporal classification

Authors: Rhéaume, François
Advisor: Grenier, Dominique
Other Title(s): New liquid state machine method for temporal classification
Abstract: There are a number of reasons that motivate the interest in computational neuroscience for engineering applications of artificial intelligence. Among them is the speed at which the domain is growing and evolving, promising further capabilities for artificial intelligent systems. In this thesis, a method that exploits the recent advances in computational neuroscience is presented: the liquid state machine. A liquid state machine is a biologically inspired computational model that aims at learning on input stimuli. The model constitutes a promising temporal pattern recognition tool and has shown to perform very well in many applications. In particular, temporal pattern recognition is a problem of interest in military surveillance applications such as automatic target recognition. Until now, most of the liquid state machine implementations for spatiotemporal pattern recognition have remained fairly similar to the original model. From an engineering perspective, a challenge is to adapt liquid state machines to increase their ability for solving practical temporal pattern recognition problems. Solutions are proposed. The first one concentrates on the sampling of the liquid state. In this subject, a method that exploits frequency features of neurons is defined. The combination of different liquid state vectors is also discussed. Secondly, a method for training the liquid is developed. The method implements synaptic spike-timing dependent plasticity to shape the liquid. A new class-conditional approach is proposed, where different networks of neurons are trained exclusively on particular classes of input data. For the suggested liquid sampling methods and the liquid training method, comparative tests were conducted with both simulated and real data sets from different application areas. The tests reveal that the methods outperform the conventional liquid state machine approach. The methods are even more promising in that the results are obtained without optimization of many internal parameters for the different data sets. Finally, measures of the liquid state are investigated for predicting the performance of the liquid state machine.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/23873
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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