Ni tout l'un, ni tout l'autre : rencontres, métissages et ethnogenèse au Saguenay - Lac-Saint-Jean aux 16e et 17e siècles

Authors: Rousseau, Louis-Pascal
Advisor: Turgeon, Laurier
Abstract: This thesis is linked to the actual research movement on Métis ethnogenesis, which is getting in vogue since few years in the faculties of Social Sciences and Humanities of many universities in Canada and – to a lesser scale – United States. The aim of this research movement is to identify the process by which Métis communities (resulting from the contacts between European settlers and Aboriginal peoples) came into being during the North American history. This thesis uses the conceptual and methodological tools of this research movement and adapts them to a new historical context, that is to say the Saguenay – Lac-Saint-Jean region during the 16th and the 17th centuries. The choice of this spatio-temporal frame is based on the fact that it has been the scene of regular and prolonged meetings between Europeans settlers and Aboriginal peoples. For generations in that historical context, these two populations have been engaged into a profound process of intermixing (or métissage) at both genealogical and cultural levels. This work exposes what this process was, from its beginning when the first European sailors came on the banks of the Saint-Lawrence up to the time where the inhabitants of the French colony started to establish a fur trade posts network in the forest of the region. It is neither a history of the aboriginal peoples of the Saguenay – Lac-Saint-Jean region, nor a history of its settlers: it takes as its main object the intermixing process of these two populations and its result within the two first centuries of their encounters. More than just a case study, this thesis analyses the very fundamental mechanisms by which ethnogenesis processes work, and identify some of the contextual factors that induce and inhibit these phenomena. Its ultimate achievement is to suggest researchers tools that are intended to help explaining why, in certain historical contexts, there can be no ethnogenesis process even though there is a lot of métissage between two cultural groups for a long period of time. At the end of this thesis, to understand why an ethnogenesis process doesn’t occur appears as important as to understand why it does.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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