Le travail mental exigeant : caractérisation des effets biologiques et comportementaux

Authors: Pérusse-Lachance, Émilie
Advisor: Brassard, PatriceTremblay, Angelo
Abstract: Cardiovascular diseases, as well as obesity and its associated co-morbidities, are the leading causes of death in the world and a major economic burden. Accordingly, it is essential to find ways to slow their progression. This thesis aims to describe the biological and behavioural impact of mental work in healthy men and women. First, this work demonstrates that mental work increases blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in young adults through a reduction in cardiac parasympathetic modulation. This result is observed in men and women when the objective and subjective mental work intensity is similar between both sexes. The second study shows that this effect seems to be acute and of short duration as HR, BP and heart rate variability return to baseline levels at the end of a mental work condition in healthy males. Finally, results from this thesis showed that women tend to eat more after mental work while men have the opposite behaviour. However, physical activity has the same effect on men and women, suggesting a decrease in food intake relative to expenditure. The appetite sensations’ markers are not different between sexes when submitted to different stimuli such as mental work and physical activity.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/23709
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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