Discrete element method applied to the vibration process of coke particles

Authors: Majidi, Behzad
Advisor: Darvishi Alamdari, HoushangFafard, Mario
Abstract: Physical, mechanical and chemical properties of raw materials have considerable effects on quality of carbon anodes for aluminium smelting process. The present work attempts to investigate the feasibility of application of Discrete Element Method (DEM) simulations in anode production technology. Effects of coke particles shape and size distribution on vibrated bulk density (VBD) of dry coke samples are studied. Coke particles are digitized using two-dimensional and three-dimensional imaging techniques and real-shape particles are used in DEM models of VBD test in Particle Flow Code (PFC). Internal friction coefficient of coke particles were estimated by means of angle of repose tests. Results showed that, as expected, VBD of coke samples is affected by shape and size distribution of the particles. Two-dimensional simulations confirmed that in general, mixed-sized samples have higher VBD than mono-sized cokes and as the fraction of coarse particles increases vibrated bulk density increases. However, existence of 10 wt.% of fine particles to fill the pores between coarse particles is essential. For 3D simulations also, the model follows the trend of experimental data showing that in the container of 2.9 mm diameter, as the content of -4+6 mesh (3.36-4.76 mm) particles increase, VBD increases. It can be concluded that a well-tailored DEM model is capable of predicting the particle rearrangement and density evolution during the vibration process.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 19 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/23708
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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