Énergie solaire et architecture : les outils numériques et leur utilisation par les architectes pour la conception solaire
|Advisor:||Côté, Pierre E.; Dubois, Marie-Claude|
|Abstract:||This research focuses on architectural design in order to determine how the use of software can help architects integrate solar energy components in their projects. This research was conducted as part of International Energy Agency (IEA) Task 41: Solar Energy and Architecture which pursued the following objectives: to support the development of a high quality solar architecture and to improve architects’ skills in this field. The third objective consisted of describing and understanding the factors that influence the architectural development of high quality solar buildings, in terms of architectural practice, solar architecture principles and architects’ attitude relative to solar design. To achieve these objectives, the research was carried out using into two distinct and complementary methods: an inventory of software used by architects and an online survey among buildings practitioners. The first part of the research presents results of a state-of-the-art review of 56 computer tools (CAAD, visualisation and simulation software) used by architects. The results reveal a lack of advanced solar tools for early design phase (EDP) work, systemic specialization of available software, a lack of clear numerical feedback yielding intelligent decisions at EDP, a lack of clear information about the validity of rendering algorithm, and a lack of tools for the architectural integration of active solar systems. The second part of the research presents an additional analysis of data collected by an international survey among 350 building practitioners. The results show that respondents develop solar buildings mainly by using passive solar principles (passive solar gain and daylighting) according to the best of their knowledge. The survey also revealed some barriers related to computer tools and their use, such as complexity, high learning curve and poor integration into the normal design process. Finally, the overall results identify nine potential actions to adapt the current architectural practice to a high quality solar design and dissemination of knowledge on solar architecture.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||18 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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