La participation à l'évaluation : du concept à la mesure

Authors: Daigneault, Pierre-Marc
Advisor: Jacob, SteveOuimet, Mathieu
Abstract: The growing popularity of participatory approaches represents an important trend in the field of program evaluation. The proliferation of definitions and terms used to designate stakeholder participation, however, generates a lot of confusion among researchers and practitioners. Moreover, the dearth of adequate instruments to measure participation hinders knowledge accumulation. This dissertation is structured around three research questions: 1) What is stakeholder participation in evaluation? 2) How is this concept translated into an operational measurement instrument? and 3) Does this instrument allow for the reliable and valid measurement of stakeholder participation? A systematic and coherent conceptualization of participatory evaluation is first proposed based on the work of Cousins and Whitmore (1998). This conceptualization, which is based on the logic of necessary and sufficient conditions, is operationalized in a measurement instrument. The instrument (Participatory Evaluation Measurement Instrument – PEMI) is then empirically validated using a sample of 40 evaluation cases from the literature and a survey of their authors. Three elements are quantitatively assessed: 1) intercoder reliability; 2) convergence between coders’ and authors’ scores on the PEMI; and 3) convergence between authors’ scores on the PEMI and an alternative measurement instrument. Considered globally, this study suggests that the PEMI can generate reliable and valid scores. Finally, a validation study combining qualitative and quantitative methods is presented. The use of mixed methods has generated an unexpected but most welcome cycle of instrument revision and further quantitative validation. The validation results suggest that the revised version of the PEMI, now based on a hybrid conceptual structure, is more in line with our respondents’ opinions with respect to the level of stakeholder participation in their particular evaluation case. The added value of mixed methods for validation purposes is also discussed using counterfactual reasoning. Reflections on the scientific and practical potential of the measurement instrument, on the relationship between stakeholder participation and evaluation use in particular, conclude this dissertation.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 18 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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