Rôle des microarns dans la régulation de la voie pro-migratoire p38 activée par le VEGF

Authors: Pin, Anne-Laure
Advisor: Huot, Jacques
Abstract: Endothelial cell migration in response to VEGF is a crucial step of angiogenesis. VEGF binding to its receptor VEGFR2 results in the autophosphorylation of the receptor at tyrosine 1214, which induces the downstream activation of the p38 MAP-kinase pathway leading to actin cytoskeleton remodeling and cell migration. MicroRNAs are short, non-coding RNAs that regulate post-transcriptionally gene expression. We identified two microRNAs, miR-20a and miR-196a, whose levels of expression were increased and decreased respectively in response to VEGF in endothelial cells. Both microRNAs modulate VEGF dependent-endothelial cell cytoskeleton remodeling, migration and angiogenesis. Also, we described that they are involved in regulating the p38 pathway. First, miR-20a acts upstream of p38, and negatively regulates MKK3 by specifically binding on MKK3 3’UTR. As MKK3 is a direct activator of p38 in response to VEGF, overexpression of miR-20a impairs p38 activation, the downstream activation of MAPKAPK2 and the phosphorylation of HSP27. Consequently, miR-20a reduces stress fibers formation, and subsequent endothelial cell migration and angiogenesis. We conclude that miR-20a may act in a feedback loop to regulate the p38 pathway-mediated VEGF-induced endothelial cell migration. Then, miR-196a is decreased in response to VEGF and we demonstrate its specific binding on ANXA1 3’UTR. In accordance with our previous work demonstrating that ANXA1 is important for VEGF-induced endothelial migration downstream of p38 pathway, overexpression of miR-196a impairs lamellipodia and endothelial cell migratory capacities upon VEGF treatment, leading to angiogenic defects. We conclude that miR-196a acts in a synergetic mechanism with VEGF to facilitate endothelial cell migration, by maintaining high level of the pro-migratory protein ANXA1. Finally, our results implicate miR-20a and miR-196a in the angiogenic process and give new insights in p38 pathway-dependent endothelial cell migration regulation in response to VEGF. The present work opens new avenues for strategies and future development of therapeutics in line with the treatment of angiogenic pathologies.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 18 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/23510
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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