Étude des fonctions développementales et métaboliques du récepteur nucléaire fetoprotein transcription factor (FTF)

Authors: Malenfant, Daniel
Advisor: Bélanger, Luc
Abstract: FTF is a nuclear receptor principally expressed in adult digestive organs that has been shown to act as a major regulator of lipids and steroids metabolism, cellular proliferation and embryonic development. FTF involvement in steroid synthesis and cell cycle regulation tends toward the stimulation of tumor proliferation in neoplasic tissues in which FTF is expressed. However, more studies of FTF function in normal and disease states and on its regulation are needed to draw a complete picture of FTF activity in cell physiology. Within the context of my studies, I delineated the FTF adult and fetal tissular expression, characterized a novel Ftf promoter element and identified FTF direct hepatic transcriptional targets in fetal, adult and tumor cell lines by using chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP-on-chip). These studies defined new FTF functions in metabolism, fetal development and hepatic carcinogenesis. FTF expression in digestive system and in neural structures controlling eating behavior, its transcriptional regulation by metabolic nuclear receptors and its binding to enzyme and transporter gene promoters driving energy metabolism, puts FTF in a key location for governing cellular and organismal energy metabolism. C/EBP, a transcriptional FTF partner on the Afp gene promoter and also involved in energy metabolism, is bound to 20% of the FTF targets including FTF itself thus adding branches to the complex hepatic transcriptional network. In hepatoma cells, FTF binds to proliferation and tumor cell maintenance genes like replication, growth and apoptosis regulators. Therefore, FTF belongs to the hepatic transcription network that governs hepatic development, differentiation and adult energy metabolism and is likely to be involved in promoting hepatic tumorogenesis.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 18 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/23493
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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