Renforcement des dalles épaisses en cisaillement
|Advisor:||Bastien, Josée; Mitchell, Denis|
|Abstract:||The degradation of concrete infrastructure is a major concern for organizations such as the Ministère des Transports du Québec (MTQ) which is managing a large network of bridges and transport infrastructure. In recent decades, growth in loads and volume of traffic combined with exposure to aggressive agents caused a rapid deterioration of some of these structures. In parallel, the knowledge in the field of resistance mechanisms, including the scale effect in shear, question the capacity of several structures, such as thick slab bridges without shear reinforcement, to handle traffic loadings. The collapse of the Concorde overpass in 2006, initiated at a thick slab portion without shear reinforcement, highlighted the need to develop a strengthening technique for shear for this type of structure when appropriate. A method was tested at Laval University where vertical reinforcing bars coated with epoxy where inserted in holes drilled from the top face of the structure. The current project furthers the experience by studying a different longitudinal spacing including various methods for anchoring the vertical bars. For this study, five slices of slab with identical geometry were built. Each of these slabs was then reinforced by the various techniques studied. The set of test bodies were loaded in a three-point bending set up to determine the behavior under shear. Meanwhile, pull-out tests were performed to characterize the chemical epoxy anchor used. The results show that both methods requiring drilling from the underside of the slabs tested are too cumbersome to be implemented relative to the resistance gain obtained. Also, the study showed that mechanical anchors are less efficient than chemical anchors. More so, it was found that with an adequate longitudinal spacing, epoxy coated bars inserted from the slab top surface provided a slab behavior similar to the one with stirrups in accordance with the relevant standard (CAN/CSA-S6-06, 2006). The dispersion of cracks and observed reserve capacity following the failure shows that this method has great potential.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||18 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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