Divergence chez deux populations lacustres d'épinoches à trois épines juvéniles du Québec : variations morphologiques, comportementales et neuroendocriniennes

Authors: Lacasse, Jennyfer
Advisor: Aubin-Horth, Nadia
Abstract: Our study aimed to evaluate the influence of the environment on morphology, behaviour and gene expression in the brain in two freshwater populations of threespine sticklebacks, Gasterosteus aculeatus, in the Bas St.–Laurent coming from Témiscouata and Rond lakes. Significant differences were found in the morphology of the animals: defensives structures of the sticklebacks are more developed in Témiscouata Lake. Moreover, juveniles of each lake were raised in common environment in a laboratory, and significant differences were found in behaviour: activity and aggressiveness were higher in population from Rond Lake. However, we observed molecular pathway in global gene expression: some neuropeptide expressions were correlated with their receptor expressions but not in all cases. Morphological and behavioural differences could be explained by the predation risk, which seemed a priori higher in Témiscouata Lake than in Rond Lake.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 18 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/23371
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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