Pressage du millet perlé sucré et du sorgho sucré pour une éventuelle production de bioéthanol

Authors: Crépeau, Marianne
Advisor: Khelifi, MohamedVanasse, Anne
Abstract: Trials related to the extraction of juice from sweet pearl millet and sweet sorghum for bioethanol production were carried out in 2009 and 2010. In summer of 2009, preliminary investigation resulted in a better performance of a specific screw press along with using finely chopped biomass. Based on these results, experimental studies have been done in summer 2010 with a screw press in Saint-Anne-de-Bellevue (Montreal) and Saint-Augustin-de-Desmaures (Quebec). The effects of various compressive forces (35, 45, and 55 psi) as well as a comparison between biomass harvested and pressed in the morning and in the afternoon have been investigated. Results showed a positive impact of a higher pressure on juice extraction. A compressive force between 45 and 55 psi was found to be optimal for juice extraction. However, the compressive force has no effect on juice sugar concentration. Juice of sweet sorghum has higher sugar concentration than that of sweet pearl millet and was also extracted more easily and in a higher volume. Also, pressing in the afternoon was found to be better in terms of sugar concentration of the extracted juice. The results show that sweet pearl millet and sweet sorghum represent an interesting alternative for bioethanol production.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 18 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/23293
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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