Compression du cycle reproducteur du loup de mer (Anarhichas lupus et A. minor)
|Advisor:||Le François, Nathalie; Vandenberg, Grant William|
|Abstract:||Wolffishes (Anarhichas minor and A. lupus) aquaculture development is limited by the supply of quality juvenile and difficulties to establish a year-round juvenile production. The aim of this study was to compress reproduction cycle of two wolffish species (Common wolfish (A. lupus), Spotted wolffish Canadian strain (A. minor QC) and spotted wolffish Norwegian strain (A. minor NW)) by photoperiod manipulation. Two photoperiod treatments were tested: a 12 months simulated natural photoperiod (SNP) and an 8 months compressed photoperiod (CP). Experiments were conducted from February 2006 to December 2007. Blood samples and growth measurement (body mass and total length) were collected monthly. Sexual maturation was assessed monthly by plasma steroids levels (11-ketotestosterone and 17-β-oestradiol) and analyzed by competitive ELISA. In 2007, CP broodstock A. lupus spawned 3 months earlier, A. minor QC spawned 5 months earlier and A. minor NW spawned 6 months earlier compared to SNP. This project enabled the establishment of an off-season spawning in the spring and suggests the presence of a sex-related growth dimorphism benefiting males (A. lupus 21.9%, A. minor QC 26.6% et A. minor NW 17.2%).|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||18 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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