Development of a ballistic hybrid fabric model for aeroengine fan blade containment application

Authors: Saint-Marc, Jean-Charles
Advisor: Gakwaya, Augustin
Abstract: This thesis presents the work that has been carried out inside the Mechanical Engineering Department of Laval University within a CRIAQ project related to Impact Modeling of Composite Aircraft Structure (IMCAS). The main goal of this work was to develop a dry fabric model for ballistic impact application and to implement it into a shell element capable of reproducing the dynamic behavior of a yarn crossover point with due account of some specific geometric and material parameters. The development of a material user subroutine (VUMAT user subroutine) was necessary to carry out this project. The methodology employed for the development of the user subroutine to be used with the S4R shell element available in Abaqus is based upon the works of Grujicic et al (1) and Shahkarami et al (2). The validity of the mesomechanical model created was carried out in order to assess the accuracy of its behavior under elementary loadings. Subsequently, using the same parameters to set up the analysis, the developed model has been applied in simple impact problems in Abaqus to demonstrate that we are able to obtain the same results as in the work of Shahkarami (2) used as a reference. Finally, after this last validation, the model is used in the impact study of an aeronautical engine’s fan blade containment problem using a hybrid casing. In our problem the casing’s inner shell is metallic and multiple Kevlar fabric layers are wrapped around it to contribute to the energy absorption and containment of the fan blade debris released outward at high speed. In this thesis all the assumptions, process and tools necessary to carry out every analysis have been described in details. Our results demonstrate that it is possible to capture the physical phenomenon happening at the yarn’s mesoscopic level during a high-velocity impact on a dry fabric while minimizing the computation time.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 18 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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