L'entraînement à la déviance en début de scolarisation : processus interpersonnels et conséquences sociales

Authors: Salazar Delgadillo, Stefanie Sofia
Advisor: Boivin, Michel; Vitaro, Frank
Abstract: Deviancy training, defined as the constellation of social processes which shape, encourage and promote deviant behaviours between peers, is associated with the increase in behaviour problems in both childhood and adolescence. The few studies which have examined deviancy training in childhood are however limited in several ways. They have only studied positive reinforcement as a social influence process and have ignored others such as modeling; they have not identified the roles children can take in the interaction, either being the training agent or the one receiving the training; they studied deviancy training between general peers and did not specifically consider friends’ contribution; and have used only at risk samples. This thesis provides a more complete portrait of deviancy training. Using the longitudinal Quebec Newborn Twin Study, we document the prevalence of modeling and positive reinforcement – provided and received – at six years of age, as well as the concurrent contribution of behaviour problems on these dimensions. We also examined the contribution of deviancy training on the increase of behaviour problems a year later. Results of the first study show that modeling and positive reinforcement – provided and received – are prevalent in this low-risk sample and that behaviour problems are associated only with provided dimensions, thus revealing that deviancy training takes place between deviant and non-deviant children. The second study indicates that, over and above initial behaviour problems, only provided modeling predicts an increase in behaviour problems a year later. Our findings suggest that in low-risk contexts where overall levels of behaviour problems are low, deviancy training is not practiced between deviant peers but between deviant and non deviant children, and that behaviour problems only increase for those who provide deviant modeling. The level of risk in samples is therefore an important factor in deviancy training, as it could influence the degree of affiliation between deviant peers and the social promotion of deviant behaviour. These findings are useful for the design and implementation of programs that target peer affiliations as a way of preventing antisocial behaviour. The measurement weaknesses of the study would however need to be addressed before drawing solid conclusions.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 18 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/23270
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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