Lames de plancher d'ingénierie : développement de substrats en OSB et caractérisation des contraintes
|Advisor:||Blanchet, Pierre; Cloutier, Alain|
|Abstract:||Engineered wood flooring (EWF) is a multilayer composite flooring product. The cross layered structure is designed to give EWF good dimensional stability under transient environmental conditions. However, during winter season in North America the indoor relative humidity could dramatically decrease and generate an important cupping deformation. The magnitude of this distortion depends on the physical and mechanical properties of each layer and moisture content changes. Baltic Birch Plywood (BBP [Russian and Finnish]) is widely used as substrate in the high quality EWF products, especially by Canadian manufacturers. The overall objective of this study was to develop an oriented strand board (OSB) as a substitute for the plywood used as a substrate for EWF. The specific objectives of this project were to develop a special OSB formulation to be used as a substrate for EWF; to manufacture and evaluate the EWF prototypes made with this substrate, to compare the prototype properties with those of commonly-used EWF; and to characterize the stresses developed in the substrate until delamination appears. Three-layers oriented strand boards were manufactured from two types of strands: a mixture of 90% aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) and 10% paper birch (Betula papyrifera Marsh.), and 100% ponderosa pine (Pinus ponderosa Dougl. ex Laws.). The OSB panels were fabricated following a factorial design of three resin contents, two vertical density profiles, and three weight ratios of the face and core layers. In order to choose the best combinations of the three factors, tests to determine bending properties, density, internal bond and thickness swelling were performed for each type of panel. Prototypes of EWF were made using five types of substrates: BBP, sheathing grade OSB, web stock OSB and the two prototypes of specialty OSB panels. The tests in conditioning chamber showed that BBP substrate constructions present the lowest distortion between humid and dry conditions. There were no significant differences in the distortion measured for BBP and aspen/birch OSB substrates. However, delaminations were observed in the OSB substrate after the test in conditioning chamber. A finite element model was used in order to characterize stresses developed in the EWF substrate in transient moisture content conditions. The physical and mechanical properties of OSB substrate were experimentally determined in laboratory on the OSB panels with a flat density profile. The finite element (FE) modeling was performed using the FE code MEF++. Good agreement has been found between the numerical and experimental EWF cupping deformation. The high stress regions in the distribution correspond to the delaminations observed on the OSB substrate. The results of this work demonstrate the potential of OSB to be used as substrate in EWF construction.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||18 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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