Comparaison des techniques de cryoconservation de la semence chez le bouc et d'insémination artificielle chez la chèvre

Authors: Maher, Geneviève
Advisor: Bailey, Janice L.; Castonguay, François, 1962-
Abstract: This work compare the impact of two buck semen freezing process (egg yolk or milk-based diluents) not only on thawed semen quality, but also on fertility rate following artificial inseminations. Semen of seven Alpine bucks, housed under alternative photoperiod of longs days and shorts days every 6 weeks, were collected 2 or 3 times a week for 12 months. Each ejaculate was analysed (volume, concentration, viability and acrosome integrity), divised and frozed in both feezing process. Semen was analysed 0 to 5 hours after thawing. To compare the impact of freezing process on fertility, artificial inseminations were realised on a group of oestrus synchronised goats. This work also evaluate the efficiency of artificial insemination on goat after synchronised or natural oestrus detection. Finaly this work documents the influence of alternative 6 weeks photoperiod on sexual activities and on quebec Alpine buck semen quality (fresh and thawed). Results showed favorable tendency of milk-based diluent. Fertility rate of semen frozen in milk process was superior than in egg yolk process (P = 0.067). Post thawed semen quality explain these fertility results. Milk-based thawed semen show higher molitity, viability, acrosome integrity and mitochondria activity at different times between 0 and 5 hours post-thaw. Thus, milk based freezing process permitted better preservation of semence quality compare to egg yolk based freezing process. Large variability of fertility between bucks have also been observed. Morever, fertility rate following artificial inseminations on goats with natural or syncrhonised oestrus permitted equivalent results. Finaly, the use of 6 weeks photoperiod cycles allowed buck semen collections all year long. This work has increased knowledge related to quebec buck freezing semen process, oestrus synchronisation and artificial inseminations of goats.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2012
Open Access Date: 18 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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