Végétalisation des mares créées en tourbière restaurée : techniques de stabilisation et d'ensemencement
|Advisor:||Poulin, Monique; Rochefort, Line|
|Abstract:||Restored peatlands are characterized by a uniform vegetation cover and a surface lacking open water bodies. Since pools are known to increase biodiversity in natural peatlands, their creation were investigated for restored sites. So far, we cannot rely on spontaneous recolonization for these created microhabitats. Mosses transfer from natural pool margins to artificial ones is a technique that failed to restore vascular plant communities associated with these microhabitats, although diaspores (rhizome, seeds, plants fragments) are transferred with mosses. Peat erosion and substrate instability around pool margins are factors affecting survival of seedlings. The main objective of this research project was to facilitate Sphagnum and vascular plants establishment around pool margins created in restored peatlands. One way to achieve this was through substrate stabilization using two species of shrubs (transplants of Andromeda glaucophylla Link and Vaccinium macrocarpon Aiton). Results show that ericaceous cover increased survival of Sphagnum along pool margins. Ericaceous shrubs -with or without mosses- also reduced frost heaving compared to the control but did not influence establishment or growth of five herbaceous species sowed around pool margin. The second objective was to evaluate different types of bryophyte seed beds to determine which one increase establishment of three herbaceous species sowed. Carex species have equally germinated on all seed beds, although Scheuchzeria palustris had a higher germination rate on Sphagnum cuspidatum seed beds. Finally, seedlings had a better growth rate on newly restored Sphagnum seed beds than on those well established. According to these results, we recommend transplanting ericaceous shrubs along pool margins as they stabilize substrate and promote Sphagnum growth. The best timing for herbaceous species sowing along pool margins would be in the first restoration process steps.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||18 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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