Identification des déterminants psycho-sociaux sous-jacents à l'intention des diététistes d'adopter des comportements reliés à la prise de décision partagée

Authors: Deschênes, Sarah-Maude
Advisor: Desroches, SophieGagnon, Marie-Pierre
Abstract: Shared decision-making is a decision-making process in which the main characteristics include presenting the treatment options to patients and clarifying the values and priorities of the patient regarding the treatment options. These two elements represent two fundamental aspects of shared decision making: evidence-based practice, by the action of presenting the options, and patient-centered care, by the action of clarifying values and priorities. The scientific literature shows that health professionals are struggling to integrate the key elements of shared decision making in their practice. Among dietitians, no study has been conducted until now to learn more about their intention to adopt these behaviours related to clinical shared decision making. The overall aim of this master’s project was to identify the psychosocial determinants underlying dietitians’ intention to adopt shared decision making related behaviours. To achieve this, a questionnaire based on the Theory of Planned Behaviour was developed. This theory was chosen because it has been shown to effectively identify the predictors of health professional’s behaviours. Moral norms and professional norms were also added to the theoretical model for our study, given their potential to explain the variance of the intention with regard to the behaviours under study. The results of the questionnaire’s validation showed that the questionnaire was valid, reliable and understandable. The survey identified that the perception of behavioural control, subjective norms, attitude, moral norms and the professional norms were the psychosocial determinants underlying the intention of the behaviours under study. This project contributes to a greater understanding of the elements that could guide the future implementation of shared decision making in clinical nutrition.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2011
Open Access Date: 18 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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