Dosimétrie Monte Carlo de curiethérapie interstitielle à haut débit de dose pour le cas gynécologique

Authors: Desbiens, Maxime
Advisor: Beaulieu, Luc
Abstract: High dose rate brachytherapy using an Ir-192 remote afterloader can be successfully used in the management of gynecologic malignancies. Treatment can be either interstitial or endocavitary depending of the tumor caracteritics and patient’s anatomy. Clinically, the dosimetry is made through the application of the TG-43 formalism. The purpose of this study is to assess with Monte Carlo (MC) method and for an interstitial treatment dosimetric effects of the presence of the applicator and air pockets in clinical target volume and organs at risk along with tissue heterogeneities. As a related work, assessment of the effects of shielding and applicator diameters on the dose distribution of intracavitary treatment and voxelisation effects of the applicator in an interstitial treatment has been performed. In all cases, dosimetry has been achieved with the Geant4 MC toolkit. Results have shown that, in some situations, MC simulations lead to significant dose corrections.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2011
Open Access Date: 18 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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