Autorité, parole et pouvoir : une approche anthropologique de l'activité néologique inuit au Nunavut

Authors: Cancel, Carole
Advisor: Laugrand, FrédéricTherrien, Michèle
Abstract: Using North American anthropology and European ethnolinguistics in a combined approach, this thesis studies Inuit neological activity undertaken in concerted action, called taiguusiliurniq. The first part examines diachronically the relations of power as regards language maintained over centuries between the Inuit of Eastern Arctic Canada and explorers, whalers, merchants, missionaries and finally with the administration; all of these making up the background on which arose the professions of interpreters and translators working with Inuktitut, along with the early days of institutionalized neology. The second part deals with the emergence of the terminology specific to the public sphere and to the challenges of its standardization in legal, technical, linguistic and cultural terms. The last part offers a careful examination of this terminology, fueled by data extracted from the creation of a lexicon and by a detailed description of a terminology development workshop. In a synthetic format, recurrent verb and noun roots along with affixes are highlighted, as well as choices regarding modes of designation, and the current challenges of Inuit language as a specialized language in a context where speech plays a part in the perpetuation of the relations of power and authority as regards language. Developed as a matrix, the trilingual analytical lexicon (Inuktitut-French-English) placed in the appendix is designed as an analytical tool meant to feed the lexicological reflection that Nunavut Inuit language professionals are engaged in. Keywords: Inuit, Inuktitut, ethnolinguistics, neology, lexicology, speech, authority, power, Nunavut, Canadian Arctic
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2011
Open Access Date: 18 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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