Distribution et productivité de deux champignons ectomycorhiziens (Cantharellus cibarius var. roseocanus et Hypomyces lactifluorum/ Russula brevipes) en peuplements de Pin gris de l'Est du Canada
|Advisor:||Fortin, J. A.; Khasa, Damase P.; Paré, David|
|Abstract:||Ectomycorrhizal fungi form root symbioses with boreal tree species. Despite their importance in that ecosystem, their requirements in term of habitat remain unknown. Two edible mushrooms, a chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius var. roseocanus Redhead, Norvell & Danell) and the lobster mushroom (Hypomyces lactifluorum (Schwein.) Tul. & C.Tul. / Russula brevipes Peck.) were studied in this thesis. Three experiments were conducted in managed and unmanaged jack pine (Pinus banksiana Lamb.) stands. This research aimed to characterize the ecological parameters related to the production of sporocarps of these fungi, to determine the impact of a specific forest disturbance on the latter and to specify the importance of jack pine phenology on the pattern of C. cibarius var. roseocanus carpophore production. Results allowed us to link the mushroom distribution (sporocarp presence/absence) and the productivity (fresh sporocarp biomass and sporocarp density) to specific soil, stand, plant and meteorological parameters. Trail management did not increase lobster mushroom carpophore production but maintained it during periods of reduced precipitation. Productivity of this fungus was positively related to the abundance of shade-intolerant plant species and to extractable ammonium concentration, and negatively related to soil pH. C. cibarius var. roseocanus sporocarp productivity was similar for the managed and the unmanaged stands despite the absence of carpophore on trails of the managed stand. The Solidago puberula – Comptonia peregrina– Pinus banksiana association and mosses presence indicated high-quality environments for chanterelle fructification, whereas ericaceous species presence restricted it. Rainfall and air temperature also had an impact on the carpophore productivity. The C. cibarius var. roseocanus fructification peak followed the earlywood–latewood transition within days. Over the growing season the carpophore respiration was in synchrony with the total soil respiration and these respirations were correlated to the soil temperature patterns. Results will enable the prediction of the distribution and the productivity of these species in jack pine stands. This knowledge will contribute to the sustainable development and use of this natural resource.|
|Document Type:||Thèse de doctorat|
|Open Access Date:||18 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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