Synthèse, optimisation et prototypage d'une main robotique sous-actionnée à cinq doigts

Authors: Allen Demers, Louis-Alexis
Advisor: Gosselin, Clément
Abstract: This thesis presents the doctoral research in Mechanical Engineering of Louis-Alexis Allen Demers completed at the Laboratoire de robotique of Université Laval under the supervision of Prof. Clément Gosselin. This project covers the synthesis, optimization and prototyping of a five-finger robotic hand. The principles of mechanical underactuation are used to develop a robotic hand that has grasping capabilities similar to that of the human hand, while limiting the number of actuators required to control it. This hand has dimensions similar to those of the human hand in order to be functional in an environment designed for humans. In addition, an adaptation of the hand grip is possible, either by changing the grasping force or by varying the position of the fingers and thumb. A static analysis of an underactuated finger is first performed. In particular, the conditions for achieving stable grasp in which all contact forces are positive are obtained. Thus, the optimal values for the dimensions of the pulleys as a function of the lengths of the phalanges and the primary force distributions established are determined. Using these two complementary distributions effectively, the ejection of the object to be grasped by a finger with three phalanges and two tendon networks is avoided. Then, the general problem of positioning an axis of rotation to obtain initial and final prescribed poses is solved. This geometric analysis allows to design a system of rotation of the thumb in order to obtain the various typical configurations of the human hand. A system of abduction of the fingers, first completely planar, than a hybrid planar-spherical mechanism is then coupled with this mechanism. These architectures are analyzed in order to ensure that they can provide the prescribed abduction amplitudes and that the coordination error between the metacarpals is minimized. Finally, the various mechanisms designed in this thesis are built, in addition to a prototype of a wrist and the mechanism of underactuation between the fingers. The prototype hand integrating all these parts is ultimately used to grasp different types of objects.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2011
Open Access Date: 18 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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