Rouge, jaune, vert-- et noir : expériences de pauvreté et rôle des ressources sociosanitaires selon des hommes en situation de pauvreté à Montréal

Authors: Dupéré, Sophie
Advisor: O'Neill, MichelDe Koninck, Maria
Abstract: This research project is in the field of public health and focuses on the study of poverty, its links to health and the role health and social resources can play in this regard. The project, which takes the form of a thesis composed of articles, pursued three objectives. First, it aimed to better understand how men living in poverty experience and perceive their situation and conceive of ways to change it. Secondly, it attempted to elucidate how health and social services influence the processes that cause men to fall in, and sometimes escape from, poverty. Thirdly, it drew on the knowledge thus generated to suggest interventions relevant to the fight against poverty. This qualitative and participatory oriented research was done in collaboration with a community Center in a disadvantaged neighbourhood of Montreal. The data were collected through a diary, 80 days of participant observation, 22 semi-directed interviews and 6 group discussions with men living in poverty. We based our analytical strategy on Charmaz's interpretive grounded theory methods and Bertaux's life-history approach. The first objective of the thesis is covered by two chapters. In Chapter 3, the first article of the thesis presents the representations of poverty and its exit collected through a popular education tool named My life course in the «red, yellow, green». Chapter 4, a complementary chapter, presents the experiences of poverty as perceived by men themselves and reveals the main dimensions they see about it. In addition to identifying several significant dimensions of poverty and its exit, the results of these two chapters show how the perspectives of the participants about their situation can challenge commonly held social representations about them. In Chapter 5 we first summarize the main results pertaining the second objective of our thesis with «Charlot Laforce», a participatory validation tool used in the study. The second article of the thesis then presents the experiences of men living in deep poverty regarding their decision not to seek out health and social services in moments of crisis, even when they recognized needing help. The results about the third objective of the thesis are found in chapter 6. Men's suggestions and recommendations of relevant interventions to fight poverty and improve services are offered there. Finally, Chapter 7 reviews the main findings of the study, the limits and strengths of the project and the implications of these results for future research and interventions.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2011
Open Access Date: 17 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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