Le rôle des régions frontales en mémoire épisodique lors de l'encodage et de la récupération de matériel verbal et non-verbal : études à l'aide de stimulations magnétiques transcrâniennes

Authors: Gagnon, Geneviève
Advisor: Grondin, SimonBlanchet, Sophie
Abstract: Data from neuroimaging studies show right and left prefrontal cortex (PFC) activations during episodic encoding and retrieval. However, because functional neuroimaging findings rely on metabolic/hemodynamic indices, even if activations suggest that the activated areas are involved in a cognitive task; this does not necessarily mean that the activated regions are functionally crucial to episodic memory. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a brain stimulation technique that can transiently and safely interfere with ongoing neuronal activity in a targeted region. Depending on the stimulation parameters, it is possible to interfere with, or facilitate, neuronal activity. The first chapter of this thesis reviews current and past literature about on the prefrontal regions and its relation to episodic memory and different technique. This review lays the ground for the main objective (detailed in Chapter 2): to study the critical role of the dorsolateral PFC (DLPFC) in episodic encoding and retrieval processes, according to the nature of the material (verbal or non-verbal). Two original empirical investigations are included in this thesis. The first article (Chapter 3) highlights how the left and right DLPFC are essential for the encoding and retrieval of verbal and non-verbal information. The second article (Chapter 4) uses the potential facilitation effect of TMS for augmenting memory efficiency in young and healthy adults and actually showed that it is possible to improve the efficiency in episodic memory with TMS. These studies contribute to a better understanding of the role of the DLPFCs in episodic memory and promote TMS as a safe and efficient way to study human memory. Results of both studies are discussed in Chapter 5 in the light of data from other approaches.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2011
Open Access Date: 17 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/22489
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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