On the benefits of phase shift keying to optical telecommunication systems

Authors: Vacondio, Francesco
Advisor: Rusch, Leslie; Bononi, Alberto
Abstract: The advantages of phase modulation (PM) vis-à-vis intensity modulation for optical networks are accepted by the optical telecommunication community. PM exhibits a higher noise sensitivity than intensity modulation, and it is more tolerant to the effects of fiber nonlinearity. In this thesis we examine the challenges and the benefits of working with different aspects of phase modulation. Our first contribution tackles the complexity of the direct detection noncoherent receiver for differentially encoded quadrature phase shift keying. We examine a novel configuration whose complexity is comparable to that of traditional receivers for intensity modulation, yet outperforming it. We show that under severe nonlinear impairments, our proposed receiver works almost as well as the conventional receiver, with the advantage of being much less complex. We also show that the proposed receiver is tolerant to chromatic dispersion, and to detuning of the carrier frequency. This solution might be suitable for high-bit rates metro (and even access) networks. Our second contribution deals with the challenges of using semiconductor optical amplifiers (SOAs) instead of typical erbium doped fiber amplifiers (EDFAs) to provide amplification to phase modulated signals. SOAs nonlinearities are investigated, and we propose a simple and very effective feed-forward compensator. Above all, the method we propose would permit the integrability of SOAs with other network components (for example, the aforementioned receiver) achieving small size, power efficient sub-systems. Phase modulation paves the way to high spectral efficiency, especially when paired with digital coherent receivers. With the digital coherent receiver, the degree of freedom offered by polarization can be exploited to increase the channel bit rate without increasing its spectral occupancy. In the last part of this work we focus on polarization multiplexed signaling paired with coherent reception and digital signal processing. Our third contribution provides insight on the strategies for upgrading current terrestrial core networks to high bit rates. This is a particularly challenging scenario, as phase modulation has to coexist with previously installed intensity modulated channels. We compare two configurations which have received much attention in the literature. These solutions show comparable performance in terms of back-to-back noise sensitivity, and yet are not equivalent. We show how the superior tolerance to nonlinear fiber propagation (and particularly to cross phase modulation induced by the presence of intensity modulated channels) makes one of them much more effective than the other.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2011
Open Access Date: 17 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/22488
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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