Détermination du module réversible des matériaux granulaires à l'aide de l'essai pressiométrique

Authors: Ciza, Ferdinand
Advisor: Foriero, Adolfo
Abstract: One reason for the premature deterioration of roads in North America is inadequate mechanical properties of materials. Given the limited information on the anisotropic behavior of granular materials in the literature, the « Service des matériaux d’infrastructure du ministère des Transports du Québec » agreed to support the project (GE-004-09) which relates to the determination of resilient modulus of granular materials used to build the foundations of roads. Studies show that the resilient modulus of pavement soils is a key parameter for the design and analysis of paved asphalt roads. According to the design method (AASHTO, 2002), the different layers of the pavement structure are dimensioned so that the infrastructure layer remains within tolerated limits of elastic deformations. In order to determine the resilient modulus, triaxial and pressuremeter tests were performed in the facilities of the « Ministère des transports du Québec ». Pressuremeter tests were carried out in a mold compactor, designed specifically for vertical and horizontal testing. The results of pressuremeter tests differ from those (13 kg of granular material) of the triaxial tests. Values obtained from the pressuremeter tests on representative road material (72 kg), demonstrate the existence of structural anisotropy in the foundation and subgrade sections. It appears that the anisotropic ratio (Er/Ez) is roughly equal to 15%, which is consistent with results obtained by Tutumluer et al., (2003). Finally the pressuremeter test is very promising because, not only does it allows for the determination of anisotropy, but also allows the engineer to develop confidence in the results due to the shape of the pressure-volume curve.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2011
Open Access Date: 17 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/22374
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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