Réécriture de programmes pour une application effective des politiques de sécurité

Authors: Ould-Slimane, Hakima
Advisor: Mejri, MohamedAdi, Kamel
Abstract: During the last decades, we have witnessed a massive automation of the society at all levels. Unfortunately, this technological revolution came with its burden of disadvantages. Indeed, a new generation of criminals emerged and is benefitting from continuous progress of information technologies to cause more illegal activities. Thus, to protect computer systems, it has become very crucial to rigorously define security policies and provide the effective mechanisms required to enforce them. Usually, the main objective of a security mechanism is to control the executions of a software and ensure that it will never violate the enforced security policy. However, the majority of security mechanisms are based on ad hoc methods and thus, are not effective. In addition, they are unreliable, since there is no evidence on their ability to enforce security policies. Therefore, there is a need to develop novel security mechanisms that allow enforcing security policies in a formal, correct, and accurate way. In this context, our thesis targets the formal characterization of effective security policies enforcement that is based on programs rewriting. We mean by “effective” enforcement preventing all the “bad” behaviors of a program while keeping all its "good" behaviors. In addition, effective enforcement should not compromise the semantics of controlled programs. We have chosen for rewriting programs, because it has a great power compared to other security mechanisms that are either permissive or too restrictive. Themain contributions of this thesis are the following : – Formal characterization of security enforcement of safety properties through program rewriting. Safety properties represent the main class of properties usually enforced by security mechanisms. – Formal characterization of any security property using program rewriting. This contribution shows how program rewriting allows the enforcement of security policies that no other class of security mechanisms can enforce. – Algebraic approach as an alternative formal characterization of program rewriting based security enforcement. In this contribution, we investigate an algebraic formal model in order to reduce the gap between the specification and the implementation of program rewriting based security mechansisms.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2011
Open Access Date: 17 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/22373
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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