Efficacité, enseignement et formation à l'enseignement

Authors: Castonguay, Mireille
Advisor: Gauthier, Clermont
Abstract: Teachers affect strongly what their students learn. Results from value added studies are unequivocial about it. As we now know how important are the teachers to promote student achievement, we have to offer them the best preparation possible. But how to make sure that teachers are prepared the best way? What would be the elements to incorporate into a teacher preparation programs to assure its effectiveness ? In order to answer this question, we adopted the conceptual frame offered by Medley (1977). This frame aims to assess the preparation of teachers with two loops, namely validation loop and assessment loop. Our two literature reviews allowed us to link these two loops and to answer this question: The competencies aimed at in validation loop, namely practices that help students learn, are there those aimed at in the teacher preparation programs? In other words, is the preparation of tomorrow’s teachers intended to prepare them to use practices identified by research to be the most effective to help students improve their academic performance? Pedagogical practices derived from research on teacher effectiveness, proven to promote student academic performance, are not present in teacher education programs. Structured and explicit teaching, found to be the most effective by research, is disregarded in teacher education programs in benefit of constructivist teaching, identified by research to be less effective to help students learn, but perceived favourably by faculty members. Therefore, we conclude that the elements to take into account in the elaboration of an effective teacher education program would be those linked to practices identified by research to promote student learning, namely structured and explicit teaching.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2011
Open Access Date: 17 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/22365
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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