La sous-traitance d'activités militaires par l'État au secteur privé : une entorse aux règles du droit international humanitaire?

Authors: Burns, Anne-Marie
Advisor: Delas, Olivier
Abstract: Since the 1990’s, States outsource military activities once performed by their army to private companies, leading the latter to intervene in armed conflicts. The rules of Humanitarian Law applicable in international armed conflicts were not conceived for these non-state actors, making them difficult to apply in this context, notably when it comes to determining the status of the employees of private military companies under the Geneva Conventions. Considering that the involvement of these actors whose status is uncertain or hard to determine causes confusion on the application of Humanitarian Law, this research project aims at determining whether States fulfil all their obligations when they outsource military activities to private companies. In other words, it inquires whether the obligation to respect the principle of distinction between combatants and civilians entails limitation to this practice.
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2011
Open Access Date: 17 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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