Lutte biologique contre le tétranyque à deux points (Acari: Tetranychidae) sur le rosier : lâchers de phytoséiides et échantillonnage binominal des tétranyques
|Advisor:||Fournier, Valérie; Roy, Michèle|
|Abstract:||Phytoseiid and spider mites are poorly studied in nursery systems. The objectives of this study were 1) to test the efficacy of combined versus single releases of these two predaceous mite species, Neoseiulus fallacis Garman and N. californicus Mc Gregor, for the suppression of the twospotted spider mite, Tetranychus urticae Koch on roses (Rosa rugosa); and 2) to develop a sampling method for spider mites on R. rugosa. The first objective was tested in the greenhouse. Our results showed a similar efficacy for the monospecific releases and the combined releases; and 2) equivalent proportion of occurrence at which N. californicus and N. fallacis were found on individual plants, suggesting that these two predatory species are compatible. The second objective was tested in the field. We found that the proportion of infested rose leaflets was highly correlated with spider mite densities; revealing that a binomial sampling method could be developed in the future. Keywords: acarine predators, binomial sampling, biological control, multiples natural ennemis, Neoseiulus fallacis, Neoseiulus californicus, ornamental nursery, Rosa rugosa, Tetranychus urticae, twospotted spider mites.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||17 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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