Une approche de calibrage géométrique de caméras par speckle laser pour la vision artificielle stéréoscopique active et passive

Authors: Samson, Éric
Advisor: Laurendeau, DenisParizeau, Marc
Abstract: Because it establishes the link between image coordinates and the physical world, camera calibration is one of the corner stones of computer vision systems. Several existing techniques can perform this operation, but these are not always accurate enough, depending on circumstances. This is particularly the case for ``active'' 3D systems that incorporate mechanisms to allow real time repositioning of cameras. Since 3D measurements in computer vision rely on the knowledge of the relative camera positions, their exact movements within the active system must be updated in a continuous fashion. Calibrating such systems is only feasible when camera movements can be measured very accurately, which is not possible using current techniques. In this thesis, an original approach is proposed for the geometric camera calibration of active vision systems, based on the theoretical foundations of speckle metrology. It exploits the unique properties of laser speckle to meet the special requirements of active vision systems. It also represents the first use of laser speckle in this field. The main benefit of laser speckle is that it allows the measurement of rotational component of the camera movements independently from its translational component. The ability to perform independent measurements of these two components is what gives this new approach a much improved accuracy compared to conventional techniques based on the use of calibration targets. Besides the calibration of active vision systems, the proposed approach can be applied to other types of vision systems as well. In particular, the thesis shows that the proposed approach can also be applied to calibrate a classical pair of static stereoscopic cameras. The proposed technique show equivalent accuracy compared to conventional techniques while providing two major practical advantages. First, the calibration device is very compact and second, the calibration procedure doesn't require the working area of the stereo pair to be accessed.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2010
Open Access Date: 17 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/22080
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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