Fouille de données : vers une nouvelle approche intégrant de façon cohérente et transparente la composante spatiale

Authors: Ouattara, Mamadou
Advisor: Badard, Thierry
Abstract: In recent decades, geospatial data has been more and more present within our organization. This has resulted in massive storage of such information and this, combined with the learning potential of such information, gives birth to the need to learn from these data, to extract knowledge that can be useful in supporting decision-making process. For this purpose, several approaches have been proposed. Among this, the first has been to deal with existing data mining tools in order to extract any knowledge of such data. But due to a specificity of geospatial information, this approach failed. From this arose the need to erect the process of extracting knowledge from geospatial data in its own right; this lead to Geographic Knowledge Discovery. The answer to this problem, by GKD, is reflected in the implementation of approaches that can be categorized into two: the so-called pre-processing approaches and the dynamic treatment of spatial relationships. Given the limitations of these approaches we propose a new approach that exploits the existing data mining tools. This approach can be seen as a compromise of the two previous. It main objective is to support geospatial data type during all steps of data mining process. To do this, the proposed approach will exploit the usual relationships that geo-spatial entities share each other. A framework will then describe how this approach supports the spatial component involving geo-spatial libraries and "traditional" data mining tools
Document Type: Mémoire de maîtrise
Issue Date: 2010
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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