Étude et développement de dépôts d'allylamine assistés par plasma basse pression spécifiques aux stents coronariens recouverts

Authors: Gallino, Enrico
Advisor: Mantovani, D.; Tatoulian, Michael
Abstract: Coronary stents are metallic devices, mainly made of 316L stainless steel (316L SS) used for the treatment of cardiovascular disease such as atherosclerosis. In order to reduce the restenosis rate of bare metal stents, coated stents and drug eluting stents were developed. The aim of this study is to develop a process to isolate metallic surface from the biological environment by depositing a thin plasma polymerized allylamine (PPAA) film on the metallic surface. Allylamine has been chosen as molecular precursor to insure high retention of primary amino groups which can be used, afterwards, to graft biomolecules to improve the biocompatibility of the devices. PPAA films were deposited on flat electropolished 316L SS samples in a low pressure plasma reactor (70 kHz). The different surface analytical methods (water contact angle, XPS, FTIR-ATR) showed that surface chemical composition of the coatings was not significantly influenced by variation of plasma power discharge and treatment time. However, chemical derivatization has shown that high selectivity towards primary amino-groups could be obtained using low discharge power values. In fact, in-situ diagnostic analysis of the plasma discharge, performed by mass spectrometry and optical emission spectroscopy, revealed the increase of the energetic character of the discharge as a function of discharge power that leads to higher fragmentation of the precursor. The coating stability in de-ionised (D.I.) water has been also investigated. We have found an optimum of stability for films deposited at a power of 2 W. For this optimized condition, we have the best trade-off between selectivity and stability upon immersion in D.I. water. In order to mimic stent expansion conditions, a “small punch test” has been used to investigate the adhesive properties of the coating. According to XPS analysis, no significative modification of the chemical composition of the coating was induced by plastic deformation. No cracks, delamination or failures of the coating were observed by FE-SEM indicating that the coating presents sufficient interfacial adhesion and cohesion to resist to plastic deformation. For these reasons, PPAA films presents promising features to be applied as a coating for coronary stents.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2010
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Permalink: http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11794/21603
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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