Étude de la performance de chaussées non revêtues traitées par abat-poussière en contexte nordique canadien
|Abstract:||Conclusions obtained from this research project will be supplemented to a guide which will consider all the relevant parameters in the establishment of design, construction and maintenance guidelines on unpaved roads in northern locations. Dust generation from unpaved roads is a great source of airborne particles which can have environmental as well as economic impacts. These particles are a driving hazard to motorists using the road and are also the cause of many health problems. In addition to atmospheric pollution, the generation of dust also leads to loss of aggregate and road surface deterioration. A wide range of dust suppressants are commercially available to help control this problem. This research project covers the performance of unpaved roads treated with dust suppressant in a northern context. Field testing was conducted on two different forest roads in Québec over a two-year period. Several dust suppressants were evaluated through different criteria of performance including dust abatement, road condition and environmental impacts. Qualitative and quantitative methods were used in order to evaluate those performance criterias. The concept of life-cycle assessment was also studied in order to develop an analysis tool for the design and maintenance of unpaved roads. Study results show hygroscopic products will offer a better performance in the Northern Canada context. The selection of the appropriate salt or brine should be made according to the economic and environmental limitations of the location. The life-cycle analysis of an unpaved road allowed us to establish that the use of a dust suppressant or a soil stabilizer will help reducing the costs of operation and the release of chemicals and particulates into the atmosphere.|
|Document Type:||Mémoire de maîtrise|
|Open Access Date:||16 April 2018|
|Collection:||Thèses et mémoires|
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