Perspective écophysiologique de l'envahissement des éricacées dans le sous-domaine de la pessière noire à mousses de l'Est du Québec

Authors: Hébert, François
Advisor: Munson, AlisonThiffault, Nelson
Abstract: Ericaceous shrubs are known to impair black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) [B.S.P.]) growth by creating a strong competition for below and aboveground resources. Opening of the forest canopy with harvest can intensify this competition and lead to enroachment of ericaceous shrub. Our objective was to explain, through evaluation response of functional traits, ericaceous potential enroachment after logging and stagnant growth of black spruce advance regeneration in the Quebec’s eastern black spruce-feathermoss sub-domain. The first chapter demonstrated the rapid acclimation of bog Labrador tea (Rhododendron groenlandicum [Oeder] Kron & Judd) to higher light availability created by logging, especially in the more intense treatements, through a modification of both physiological leaf traits. On the other hand, black spruce leaf traits did not respond to changes in environement associated with logging; this may indicate either an absence or a delay in acclimation. In a second field experiment, black spruce photosynthetic rate was negatively influenced by ericaceous shrub presence on the cutting area, regardless of the site fertility quality. The lower photosynthesis rate of black spruce, when associated with ericaceous shrubs, could be resulting of a lower mineral soil nitrogen availability created by a greater belowground competition for ressources form the ericaceous shrubs. A third experiment under greenhouse conditions showed that Rhododendron and Kalmia leaf mass per unit of area (LMA) was reduced by shading, but was similar for black spruce. There were few differences in trait response to N addition among species. Black spruce showed higher absorption rate and specific absorption rate at higher N levels, compared to the two ericads. Plasticity to light was higher for Kalmia (except for LMA) and plasticity for nitrogen addition was higher for Rhododendron black spruce suggesting that trait plasticity is in accordance with successional status of these species.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2010
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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