Motions, order and consistency : a story based on the study of the dynamics of the class A beta-Lactamase PSE-4 by NMR

Authors: Morin, Sébastien
Advisor: Gagné, Stéphane
Abstract: Part I The analysis of spin relaxation data using the model-free formalism is a widely used approach to get insights into protein dynamics on the ps-ns and μs-ms timescales. In order to extract high quality data, multiple magnetic field datasets are required. Combining datasets recorded using different NMR magnets is prone to experimental errors. Hence, the consistency of multiple field spin relaxation data must be carefully verified. Analysis of multiple field spin relaxation data generally proceeds without verification of consistency, i.e. with only the assumption that data is fine. We propose a simple approach to verify the consistency of multiple field relaxation data. Using the proposed tests improves the analytical approach by reducing the presence of artifactual conformational exchange terms. Since these terms are often rationalised in relation with ligand binding or catalysis, improving their confidence yields a better understanding in terms of biology. Part II Class A b-lactamases are involved in antibiotics resistance. They do so by hydrolysing the b-lactam antibiotics. These enzymes have been widely studied by different approaches including mutational studies, MD simulations, X-ray crystallography and NMR. The model enzyme for this class of proteins, TEM-1, has previously been studied by NMR in the laboratory. It was observed that TEM-1 is a highly ordered protein on the ps-ns timescale, with slower μs-ms motions clustered around the active site. In order to characterize further the backbone dynamics of class A b-lactamases, the homologous enzyme PSE-4 was studied by NMR using different approaches such as spin relaxation, CPMG relaxation dispersion, and amide exchange experiments. The same conclusions as for TEM-1 were obtained with a high rigidity along the sequence balanced by slower motions in the vicinity of the active site. These motions might be conserved in class A b-lactamases and potentially be important for catalysis. This hypothesis is further enforced by the backbone resonance assignments for cTEM-17m, a TEM-1/PSE-4 chimera, where many resonances are unobservable around the active site, potentially suffering from line broadening caused by slow motions.
Document Type: Thèse de doctorat
Issue Date: 2010
Open Access Date: 16 April 2018
Grantor: Université Laval
Collection:Thèses et mémoires

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